Picture of the Wired mounting plate of the Honeywell Thermostat, model Picture of the Rear of the control unit for the Honeywell Large Dial Thermostat Picture of the installed Honeywell Large Dial Thermostat, T87N1026.

Honeywell Thermostat Wiring Color Code




With so many new functions appearing on today’s modern thermostats (t-stats), there is of course, many more wires to connect up nowadays, when installing a new or replacement t-stat.  Gone are the two-wire days, when all you needed was one wire from the furnace transformer, and the other to feed power to a gas valve or relay to turn the heat on and off.  So here, we show examples of Honeywell Thermostat wiring color code for these higher wire count t-stats.



State-of-the-art HVAC systems these days, in addition to the original single stage heating provision, often include a second stage heater, as well as one or two stages of cooling (central AC).  Many also have a wire to turn on the compressor change over valve (switch it between heating and cooling mode), as well as a light (L) wire that often has a light connected to it within the t-stat.  This light shows heat pump status. Each of these newer functions must have its own wire from the t-stat to tell it when to operate.  So, these color codes help keep all the wires straight.  With them you can avoid matching a wire to the wrong t-tat terminal.

Honeywell thermostat wiring color code. Picture of a typical Seven Conductor Thermostat Cable, showing the different colors of each wire within the cable.
Honeywell thermostat wiring color code. Typical seven conductor thermostat cable, showing the color of each wire inside.

 

Wire Color, TypicalLetter DesignationPurpose
APower present here when any heating or cooling is operating in the HVAC system.
Aux/E, W2Operates 2nd heating stage, or when controlling a heat pump, the emergency heat stage.
BlueBActivates the changeover to heat relay / valves in HVAC systems.
Brown, blue, purple, black. C24 volts AC. The common lead of the transformer. All furnace switched components have one side of their power connected to this lead.
BrownEActivates emergency heat relay
GreenGOperates the internal fan
KMay activate emergency heat relay in some installations. Also used between a thermostat and Honeywell wire savers.
LHeat pump monitor light. May turn on when emergency heat is operating.
OrangeOActivates the changeover to cool relay / valves in HVAC systems.
O/B, W, W1Operates first heating stage. For heat pumps, activates the compressor in heat mode.
PDefrost operation in progress lamp; comes on when either the HVAC compressor outside has switched into defrost mode.
RedR24 volts AC ????
RedRC24 volts AC supply to cooling relay in HVAC system.
RedRH24 volts AC supply to heating relay in HVAC system.
WhiteW1, W, O/BOperates first heating stage. For heat pumps, activates the compressor in heat mode.
W2 - Aux/EOperates 2nd heating stage, or when controlling a heat pump, the emergency heat stage.
XMalfunction alert lamp. Voltage present when the HVAC system detects a problem in its components.
YellowY1, YOperates first stage compressor cooling.
Y2Operates 2nd cooling stage.
Y, Y1Operates first stage compressor cooling.
S1, S2Outdoor temperature sensor (S) wires.




Common Honeywell Thermostat Wiring Color Code

The table above provides a more comprehensive list of Honeywell thermostat wiring colors and their uses.  But here is a list of the most common wire color to function mappings, as seen in many four and five wire t-stat setups.

  • C – 24 VAC Common (You might see blue, purple, or brown typically used for this wire).
  • G – Fan (green wire).  Turns on the circulating fan in most forced air heating and cooling systems.  Allows the fan to be run independently of whether or not actually heating or cooling is called for by the t-stat.
  • R – 24 VAC / R and Rc (red).  Supplies the high side of the 24 volt AC line from the cooling power transformer in an HVAC system.
  • Y – Compressor / cooling (yellow).  Turns on the compressor in cooling mode.  May also flip the change-over valve that assures that the compressor is running in cooling mode, depending on the HVAC system involved.
  • W – Heat (white wire).  In gas systems, this triggers the lighting process; opens the valve, turns on the ignitor, and fires up the burners in the furnace.  In electric heating furnaces, this lead turns on the heating elements.  And, in heat pump systems, the white wire starts the compressor in heating mode.
Honeywell thermostat wiring color code. Picture of the wall plate for a 4 wire smart thermostat installation, using the green wire as the C wire instead of the G (fan) wire.
Honeywell thermostat wiring color code. Wall plate for a 4 wire smart thermostat installation. This one uses the green wire as the C wire instead of the G (fan) wire.



Warning

For all other t-stat terminals, and in fact, sometimes even for the above mentioned common color assignments, the exact purpose of a wire is often not clear.

So again, if putting in a new t-tat, DO NOT rely on the wire colors alone!  Repeating: DO NOT RELY ON THE WALL WIRE COLORS ALONE TO FIND EXACT WIRE FUNCTION.  Instead, take a picture or write down which lug on the old t-stat that each wire goes with.  For each wire, jot down its color.  Plus, write the letter of the terminal on the old t-stat that it connects with.  If the correct wire functions are still not clear, then trace the wires.  You need to track the wires back to the HVAC unit itself.  Then, find out which parts the various colors of wires attach to.

Do not attempt to wire a t-stat yourself if you feel unsure with working with electricity.  Further, wrong wiring can break the t-stat or furnace.  This can result in costly repairs.

We cannot assume responsibility for damages due to faulty wiring of any t-stat.



Honeywell thermostat wiring color code. Picture of the commonly used green, white, yellow, and red thermostat wires. This where they hook up in a typical heat / cool setup. No C wire in this example.
Honeywell thermostat wiring color code. Commonly used green, white, yellow, and red thermostat wires. This shows where to hook them up in a typical heat / cool setup. No C wire in this example.

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References

Revision History

  • 2017-03-08: Originally published.